Political Science Department POLS TALKS announces:
Talk: “Rethinking Development Space in Emerging Countries: Turkey’s Conservative Countermovement”
Despite an increasingly flexible global policy context, most emerging countries refuse to venture beyond their pre-existing development strategies. This article contends that domestic political constraints under liberalized markets might preclude policy dynamism in some cases. In particular, it draws attention to the tension between market expansion and social cohesion as a formative influence over policy patterns. This tension is sometimes addressed through a conservative countermovement whereby liberally-oriented governments entice sections of the poor into broad electoral coalitions by employing palliative interventions alongside market-expanding policies. Turkey’s ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) is one example. Central to the Turkish case has been the redeployment of the country’s historic foreign capital-dependent pattern of growth in the service of selective redistribution and credit-fuelled consumerism. The ensuing deficit-led neoliberal populism assured stable and equitable growth in the extraordinary international and domestic context of the mid-2000s, but proved unfeasible since the global crisis. Even then, this coupling of market and social preferences has become politically so firmly entrenched in time that it now constrains the policy options to address Turkey’s developmental impasse.
by Ali Burak Güven
Department of Politics, Birkbeck, University of London
10:30 a.m., Wednesday, December 16
A-130 (Seminar Room), FEASS Building
Ali Burak Güven (email@example.com) is Lecturer in International Relations and International Political Economy in the Department of Politics at Birkbeck, University of London, where he directs the MSc Global Governance and Emerging Powers. His work on comparative and international political economy, international organisations and global governance, and Turkish political economy appeared in journals such as Development and Change, Development Policy Review, Global Governance, New Political Economy and Studies in Comparative International Development. Dr Güven is also the co-editor, with Richard Sandbrook, of Civilizing Globalization: A Survival Guide, Revised and Expanded Edition (SUNY, 2015).